Tablet press generally known as tableting machine, pharmaceutical tablet press, tablet compressing machine, or tablet punching machine is often a mechanical device that compresses powders into tablets of uniform size, shape, and weight containing approximately exactly the same amount of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) and excipients. In addition to its use in the pharmaceutical industries for manufacturing kinds of tablets, it can be accustomed to manufacture illicit drugs, cleaning products, and cosmetics.
All tablet press employs the same guideline of compression. The essential unit of any tablet press is tooling comprising two punches plus a die termed as a station. The upper and minimize punches get together in the die that contains the tablet formulation.
The creation of tablet press is a huge continuous process. Previously, we now have hand-driven tablet press which was modernized to electrical driven tablet press.
Cause of continuous development of tablet press:
Continuing development of newer technology in tablet production e.g. development of direct compression technology.
Continuing development of stringent standard of cleanliness to conform with the Current Good Manufacturing Process (CGMP).
The roll-out of automation and continuous monitory of production processes.
Increased rate of production resulting from increased demand, multiplication of disease conditions, and exponential increase in population.
Types/Classification of Tablet Press
Tablet press in current use could be classified into:
Single punch/single station/eccentric presses.
There are many types of presses, manufactured by numerous companies, ranging in size, speed, and capacity.
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