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Vienna Underground – A Short History

The public transport in Vienna isn’t alone on the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for your first day, when drives began on the subway from Vienna. It had been a really complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a few changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the entire year, in which the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the city of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places within the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines in the center: U3 and U6 and in the next years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 if the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, in 1978, was built the first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for two years.

1898
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred some time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 seems to me being acceptable to subway Vienna.

The midst of the Century
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds of the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was aimed at a town of three or four million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public areas roads was then often solved in support of private transport: As in a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, however, not as radical as in other cities. The jobs with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. Over these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, because the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality from the inner city.
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