The general public transport in Vienna isn’t alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and the overground train. You do not have a precise date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was an extremely complicated system. The first date within the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a system that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains as well as in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is just a a few changing times.
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified through the city of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 and in the following several years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was termed as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last but not the very least, around 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for two years.
I am inclined to view the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification took place a while later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 seems to me to become acceptable to Wien U-Bahn.
The midst of a lifetime
After Wwii, it was decided in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” as well as the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted being a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project of the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was aimed at a city of three to four million inhabitants, and even today just isn’t around the corner. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Within the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public areas roads was then often solved in support of private transport: Such as numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The duties from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. In these years, there was clearly also an unfortunate politicization with the subway question, since the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for that subway, the dominant SPO as well as the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality with the inner city.
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