The general public transport in Vienna is not alone on the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for the first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It had been a very complicated system. The first date in the books is 1898 with all the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something which is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is simply a a few changing times.
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened being an urban transport system after being electrified by the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places in the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 plus the next years to 2028 will build the extension from your lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The third first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had already been on the U4 line for 2 years.
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous for the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this season too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification took place time later. The first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, there is however nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to Vienna metro map.
The center of a lifetime
After The second world war, it was decided in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project with the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was directed at an urban area of 3 to 4 million inhabitants, and also today isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public roads was then often solved in favor of private transport: As with many places in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical as in other cities. The duties from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. Over these years, there is also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, since the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing in the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that a Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion from the centrality from the inner city.
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