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Vienna Underground – A brief History

The public transport in Vienna is not alone about the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t an exact date for the first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The very first date in the books is 1898 with the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – something that is nearly exactly the same today. We speak from Line 4 along with a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is only a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the year, where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified from the town of Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected plenty of places in the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 and in the next several years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The 3rd first date from the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was known as a “test operation”. Furthermore, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last but not minimal, in 1978, was built the very first new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had been recently about the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date with the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels and their electrification occurred a while later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground do not need been opened until 1890. Within this sense, 1898 generally seems to me being acceptable to U-Bahn Wien.

The midst of a lifetime
After World War II, the decission was taken in 1946 to go back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to reduce Austria. The emergence from the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was targeted at a city of three to four million inhabitants, and even today is not on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without the possibility of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from your fifties. The resulting conflict useful in public places roads ended up being often solved in favor of private transport: Such as numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical as with other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly for the new bus lines. During these years, there was clearly also an unlucky politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP within the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It had been assumed that a Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion with the centrality with the inner city.
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