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Vienna Underground – A brief History

The public transport in Vienna just isn’t alone on the subway. There are driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t a precise date for that first day, when drives began around the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a very complicated system. The first date inside the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 and a section of Line 6, known today as modern trains and in 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The real difference is simply a matter of changing times.

U-Bahnnetz Wien, 2017

Timetable
1925 was the year, the location where the City Train was reopened as an urban transport system after being electrified by the town of Vienna. The operation happened, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected a lot of places within the city. Inside the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines inside the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension from the lines U1, U2 and U5.

New dates for opening
The next first date in the subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran along the way between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. This is known as a “test operation”. In addition, the traveled route had been operational since 1901.
Last although not minimal, around 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It had been opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been about the U4 line for 2 years.

1898
I tend to observe the year 1898 as correct, analogous to the opening date of the London Underground in 1863: this coming year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification took place time later. The very first electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there’s nowhere a reference – the London Underground will not have been opened until 1890. On this sense, 1898 appears to me to become acceptable to Wien U Bahn Netz.

The center of a lifetime
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds from the area “Greater Vienna” to lessen Austria. The emergence with the “Iron Curtain” and also the occupation of Vienna from the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted like a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared the war project with the Siemens Building Union being an official subway network; it was aimed at a town of three or four million inhabitants, as well as today just isn’t on the horizon. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but with no chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).

City Tram
Inside the city, motorized private transport increased strongly from the fifties. The resulting conflict of usage in public places roads ended up being often solved in support of private transport: As in numerous avenues in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, but not as radical such as other cities. The duties from the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. In these years, there was also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP in the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for the subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing inside the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It absolutely was assumed that the Viennese subway would lead to excessive promotion of the centrality with the inner city.
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