The general public transport in Vienna is not alone around the subway. You will find driving busses, trams and also the overground train. There isn’t a perfect date for that first day, when drives began about the subway from Vienna. It absolutely was a really complicated system. The initial date in the books is 1898 using the opening of Otto Wagners citytram – a method which can be nearly the identical today. We speak from Line 4 plus a part of Line 6, known today as modern trains plus 1898 as rail steam locomotive. The main difference is simply a matter of changing times.
1925 was the entire year, where the City Train was reopened as a possible urban transport system after being electrified from the capital of scotland- Vienna. The operation occurred, however, with streetcar sets.
In 1969, three lines were built: U1, U2 and U4 and connected lots of places inside the city. Within the time between 1883 and 2000 came two new lines within the center: U3 and U6 as well as in the subsequent years to 2028 will build the extension in the lines U1, U2 and U5.
New dates for opening
The next first date from your subway of Vienna was 1976 when the first new subway train ran on the route between Heiligenstadt and Friedensbrucke. It was called a “test operation”. Additionally, the traveled route ended up operational since 1901.
Last however, not minimal, in 1978, was built the initial new tunnel between Karlsplatz and Reumannplatz. It absolutely was opened with big celebrations. Nevertheless, subway trains had recently been on the U4 line for just two years.
I tend to see the year 1898 as correct, analogous towards the opening date from the London Underground in 1863: this year too a steam locomotive-powered metropolitan railway was opened in open cuts or shallow tunnels in addition to their electrification occurred some time later. The initial electric subway in mining tunnels was opened there in 1890, but there is nowhere a reference – the London Underground would not have been opened until 1890. In this sense, 1898 appears to me being acceptable to Wien U Bahn.
The center of a lifetime
After The second world war, the decission was taken in 1946 to come back two-thirds with the area “Greater Vienna” to Lower Austria. The emergence of the “Iron Curtain” and the occupation of Vienna through the four Allies, which lasted until 1955, also acted as a brake on growth. Although a reconstruction-enquiry declared world war 2 project from the Siemens Building Union as a possible official subway network; it absolutely was aimed at an urban area of three or four million inhabitants, and also today just isn’t in sight. In 1954, Karl Heinrich Brunner therefore presented a streamlined concept – but without any chance of realization. Another utopian project was Rudolf Maculan’s trackless subway (1953).
In the city, motorized private transport increased strongly in the fifties. The resulting conflict of use in public places roads was then often solved and only private transport: Such as a multitude of locations in Europe, the tram network was reduced from 1958, although not as radical such as other cities. The duties with the abandoned tram lines were transferred mostly towards the new bus lines. Over these years, there was also an unfortunate politicization of the subway question, as the conservative OVP inside the municipal election campaigns in 1954 and 1959 massively advocated for your subway, the dominant SPO and also the housing within the foreground. Roland Rainer’s traffic concept 1961 was accordingly pronounced as U-Bahn enemy. It was assumed that the Viennese subway would result in excessive promotion with the centrality of the inner city.
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